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Licorice

Botanical Glycyrrhiza glabra; Pharm. Radix Liquiritiae (root), Succus Liquiritiae (extract) 
Arab., سوس عِرْقُ الْسُوس, سُوس Irq as-sus, Irqu as-sus, Irqu al-sus, Sous, Sus
Assameseযষ্টিমধু Zostimodhu
Bengaliযষ্ঠিমধু Yashthimadhu
Chin.甘草 [gām chóu] Gam chou (Glycyrrhiza uralensis)
Dogriमुलेठी Mulethi
Du.Zoethout
Farsiشیرین بیان Shirin bayan
G.Süßholz, Lakritze
Fr.Réglisse
Gujrathiજેઠીમધ Jethimadh
Hindiमुलेठी, मुलैठी, यष्टुमशु Mulethi, Mulaithi, Yashtumadhu
Heb.שוש קרח, שוש שׁוּשׁ, שׁוּשׁ קֵרֵחַ Shush kireah, Shush
It.Liquirizia, Regolizia
Jap.蕗草, 甘草, ウラル甘草, ロシア甘草 ろそう, かんぞう ナンキンカンゾウ, リコリス, カンゾウ, ウラルカンゾウ, ロシアカンゾウ, ロソウ Nankin-kanzō, Nankin-kanzo, Rikorisu; Kanzō, Kanzo, Uraru-kanzō, Uraru-kanzo (Glycyrrhiza uralensis); Roshia-kanzō, Roshia-kanzo (Glycyrrhiza echinata)
Kannadaಅತಿಮಧುರ, ಯಷ್ಠಿಮಧು Atimadhura, Yasthimadhu
Kor.감초, 리커리스 Kamcho, Rikeorisu, Rikorisu
Maithiliमौध्द Mauddh
Malayalamഎട്ടിമധുരം, ഇരട്ടിമധുരം, മധുകം, യഷ്ഠിമധുകം Etthimadhiram, Iradimadhuram, Madhugam, Yashtimadhugam
Marathiज्यष्ठमध Jestamadha
Nepaliजेठीमधु, इष्टमी Jethimadhu, Istami
SanskritMadhuuka, Yashtimadhu
Punjabiਮਲਠੀ Malathi
Tamilஅதிமதுரம் Atimaduram
Teleguఅతిమధురమనే, అతిమధురము Atimadhuramane, Atimadhuramu
Thaiชะเอมเทศ Chaometes
Urduملہٹی Mulhati
Liquorice (UK) or licorice (North America) (see spelling differences; pronounced /ˈlɪkərɪʃ, ˈlɪkərɪs, ˈlɪkrɪʃ/, or /ˈlɪkrɪs/) is the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra (from the Greek γλυκύρριζα or γλυκόριζα meaning "sweet root"), from which a sweet flavour can be extracted. The liquorice plant is a legume (related to beans and peas), native to southern Europe and parts of Asia. It is not related to Anise, Star Anise and Fennel, which are the source of superficially similar flavouring compounds. It is an herbaceous perennial, growing to 1 m in height, with pinnate leaves about 7–15 centimetres (3–6 in) long, with 9–17 leaflets. The flowers are 0.8–1.2 cm (½–⅓ in) long, purple to pale whitish blue, produced in a loose inflorescence. The fruit is an oblong pod, 2–3 centimetres (1 in) long, containing several seeds. The flavor of licorice comes mainly from a sweet-tasting compound called anethole ("trans"-1-methoxy-4-(prop-1-enyl)benzene), an aromatic, unsaturated ether compound also found in anise, fennel, and other herbs. Additional sweetness in licorice comes from glycyrrhizic acid, an anti-viral compound significantly sweeter than sugar.
Synonym: Spanish Juice, Black Sugar, Liquorice
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Licorice , http://www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/engl/Glyc_gla.html
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