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Cloves

Pharm. Flores Caryophylli; Botanical Eugenia caryophyllata, Caryophyllus aromaticus 
Arab.كبش قرنفل , Kabsh qarunfil, Kabsh qaranful
Chin.丁香 [dīng xiāng] Ding xiang, Ting hsiang
Farsiمیخک Mikhak
Fr.Clou de girofle
G.Nelke, Gewürznelke
Hindiलौंग , Laung
Ind.Céngké, Cengkeh
Tamilகராம்பு , Graambu, Krambu, Karambu
Telegulavanga (లవంగ)
Vi.đinh hương

Cloves (Syzygium aromaticum, syn. Eugenia aromaticum or Eugenia caryophyllata) are the aromatic dried flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae. Cloves are native to Indonesia and India and used as a spice in cuisine all over the world. The English name derives from Latin clavus 'nail' (also origin of French clou 'nail') as the buds vaguely resemble small irregular nails in shape. Cloves are harvested primarily in Indonesia, Madagascar, Zanzibar, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka; it is also grown in India under the name Lavang, called "lavanga" (లవంగ) in Telugu. In Vietnam, it is called đinh hương.

T

he clove tree is an evergreen which grows to a height ranging from 10-20 m, having large oval leaves and crimson flowers in numerous groups of terminal clusters. The flower buds are at first of a pale color and gradually become green, after which they develop into a bright red, when they are ready for collecting. Cloves are harvested when 1.5-2 cm long, and consist of a long calyx, terminating in four spreading sepals, and four unopened petals which form a small ball in the centre.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloves , , http://www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/engl/Syzy_aro.html
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