A B C G I L M N O P S T
AJ AL AN AS

Asafetida

Botanical Ferula assa-foetida 
Hindiहींग, Hing
Urduہینگ , Hing, Anjadana
Malayalamകായം, പെരുങ്കായം, Kayam, Perungayam
Kannadaಇಂಗು, Ingu

The milk juice (obtained from the root), which becomes a brown, resin-like mass after drying. The trading form is either the pure resin or so-called com pounded asafetida which is a fine powder consisting to more than 50% of rice flour and gum arabic to prevent lumping. The advantage of the compounded form is that is is easier to dose.

It is also said to be helpful in cases of asthma and bronchitis. A folk tradition remedy for children's colds: it is mixed into a pungent-smelling paste and hung in a bag around the afflicted child's neck.Asafoetida has broad uses in traditional medicine as an antimicrobial, with well documented uses for treating chronic bronchitis and whooping cough, as well as reducing flatulence.

Asafoetida has also been reported to have contraceptive/abortifacient activity, and is related (and considered an inferior substitute to) the ancient Ferula species Silphium. Asafoetida oleo-gum-resin has been reported to be antiepileptic in classical Unani as well as ethnobotanical literature.In Ayurveda, asafoetida is considered to be one of the best spices for balancing the vata dosha.

Synonym: Asafoetida
Source: http://www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/engl/Feru_ass.html, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asafoetida
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