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Terms in Meat, Seafood & Fish

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Calamari
This ten-armed cephalopod, commonly known as " squid," is related to the octopus. They vary in size from 1 inch to 80 feet in length. The meat is firm and chewy, More…
Calico Bass
One of a large number of North American freshwater fish closely related to the perch. Known for their bright, sunny colors, calico bass are also known as " sunfish." More…
California Sheepshead
A saltwater fish belonging to the wrasse family. Also called " sheepshead," " fathead," and " redhead." Its meat is More…
Candlefish
A rich and oily mild-flavored fish. This variety of smelt is so named because Indians sometimes run a wick through their high-fat flesh and use them for candles. Also known as the More…
Capocollo
A specialty of the Parma region of Italy, capocollo is a sausage made from pork shoulder and flavoured with sweet red peppers. It is pressed (rather than chopped), put into casings, and air More…
Capon
The term for a castrated chicken that is fed a special diet until it is slaughtered at the age of 6 to 9 months.
Carp
This freshwater fish ranges from 2 to 7 pounds and has a lean white flesh. It is the primary ingredient for the Jewish dish called " gefilte fish." More…
Catfish
This fish is firm, low in fat, and has a mild flavor. Most catfish are fresh water varieties, but there is a salt water variety that called the " hogfish." The More…
Catla
(Gibelion catla) Originally confined to the plains north of Krishna, but has been transplanted to all river systems and reared in the tanks and reservoirs . Population is declining due to More…
Chikuwa
A variety of Japanese fish paste cake.
Chinook Salmon
Considered the finest Pacific salmon. This high-fat, soft textured fish can reach up to 120 pounds. Also called the " king salmon."
Chitterlings
The small intestines of animals, usually pigs. They are cleaned, simmered, then served with a sauce or used as a sausage casing. Chitterlings are also added to soups or battered and fried. More…
Chorizo>
A spicy, highly seasoned, coarsely ground pork sausage flavored with garlic, chili, and other spices. Widely used in Mexican and Spanish cooking.
Chub
One of the most prized whitefish found in the Great Lakes and in Canada. May be prepared in any manner suitable for salmon. Also called " ?Lake Herring" and " More…
Chum Salmon
This, the smallest and most delicate flavored of the salmons, has the lightest color and the lowest fat content of the various salmon varieties. Also called the " dog More…
Cisco
One of the most prized whitefish found in the Great Lakes and in Canada. May be prepared in any manner suitable for salmon. Also called " lake herring" and " More…
Clam
These bivalve mollusks come in two varieties. Hard-shell clams include littleneck, cherrystone, and chowder clams. The soft-shelled clams, such as steamer, razor, and geoduck clams, More…
Cod
A popular lean, firm, white meat fish from the Pacific and the North Atlantic. " Scrod" is the name for young cod (and haddock) that weight less that 2.5 pounds. More…
Coho Salmon
This high-fat variety of salmon provides a firm-textured, pink to orange-red flesh. Also called the " silver salmon."
Colbert
where the backbone and bones are removed leaving the fillets attached to the head usually either Sole or Whiting.
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